Klingons – History and Physiology
Klingon Historical Timeline
Around 900 AD: After slaying the tyrant Molor using the first bat’leth, Kahless the Unforgettable founds the Klingon Empire, becoming its first emperor.
14th century: A race from the Gamma Quadrant, which the Klingons call Hur’q, invade Qo’noS. When they leave, they steal valuable artifacts, including the Sword of Kahless. Also during that century “Klingon warriors, set out and slew all of their gods, because they were more trouble than they were worth”.
16th century: “The Dark Time” – Emperor Reclaw and the imperial family of the Second Dynasty are killed by General K’Trelan. For ten years, the Empire enters “The Dark Time” when it is ruled by a council elected by the people, until a Third Dynasty mimicking the 2nd one is installed to rule the Empire.
2016: After the Klingons destroy a Vulcan starship, the latter react with a strict fire-first-policy, which earns the Vulcans respect and eventually leads to formal diplomatic relations.
Mid-21st century: The reign of the last Emperor ends and the lead of the Empire falls to the Chancellor of the Klingon High Council.
2133: After losing the crew of a starship, the Klingon High Council forbids all its ships any attempt to enter the Delphic Expanse.
2151: First contact with Earth is initiated when Enterprise NX-01 assists Klaang at proving that the Suliban Cabal is trying to destabilize the Empire as part of the Temporal Cold War.
2152 & 2153: Jonathan Archer of the Enterprise evades Klingon authorities three times after repeatedly “interfering” with the Empire’s politics.
2154: Augment Crisis – Enhanced Humans try to annihilate Qu’Vat Colony, but ultimately fail in their attempt to ignite a war between the Empire and United Earth. The Empire then uses residue of the Human DNA to breed augmented warriors of its own, but inadvertently creates a virus causing generations of Klingons to lose their cranial ridges amongst others. Sometime hereafter, Klingon-Federation encounters became very rare up until 2256.
2223: Federation-Klingon Cold War – Relations between the Empire and the United Federation of Planetsdegenerate starting a tense cold war.
2245: The inconclusive Battle of Donatu V is fought between the Klingon Empire and the Federation.
2256: Open war between the Klingon Empire and the Federation breaks out.
2267: After engaging in a brief open conflict, the Klingon Empire and the Federation sign the Treaty of Organia establishing ground rules for further interaction and the resolution of territorial disputes, e.g. over Sherman’s Planet. That same year, the Empire, the Federation, and the Romulan Star Empire jointly establish a colony on Nimbus III, officially declaring it ‘the planet of galactic peace’.
2271: Empire forces under Kor achieve a memorable victory over the Romulans at the Battle of Klach D’kel Brakt.
2272: The Klingon Empire relinquishes its claims on Archanis IV to the Federation.
2285 & 2286: Fearing it to be a new devastating Federation weapon, a diplomatic incident involving James T. Kirk arises over the Empire’s attempt to gain information about the Genesis Device.
2289: The Federation and the Klingon Empire hold a diplomatic meeting at Korvat colony, however without producing any substantial results.
2290: The Albino raids Klingon colonies but three battle cruisers commanded by Kor, Kang, and Koloth fail to apprehend him. That same year, the sleeper ship IKS T’Ong is dispatched on a “crucial” long-range mission from which it would not return until 2365.
2292: By this year, the Romulans are considered “blood enemies” in the Klingon Empire.
2293: Khitomer Accords – The explosion of the Klingon moon Praxis causes an ecological disaster, disposing Chancellor Gorkon to pursue a full peace treaty with the Federation. Despite the subsequent assassination of Gorkon, his daughter and new Chancellor, Azetbur, participates at the Khitomer Conference, which leads to the Khitomer Accords establishing a lasting peace between the two powers.
2344: Despite ongoing negotiations for a new peace treaty, the Klingon-Federation relations are again tense by this year. The Empire’s alliance with the Federation is eventually cemented by the honorable act of the Federation vessel USS Enterprise-C, which responds to a Klingon distress signal from Narendra IIIand is destroyed while trying to protect the outpost from a Romulan attack.
2346: With the help of the traitor Ja’rod of the House of Duras, the Romulans commit the Khitomer Massacre, killing almost all of the 4,000 Klingon colonists on Khitomer.
2350: Romulan forces fail in an attempt to board Klingon General ShiVang’s flagship. That same year, later Romulan Praetor Neral’s family are killed in a Klingon attack.
2366: In order to avert a civil war, Klingon Chancellor K’mpec conceals Ja’rod’s treason, due to his house’s influence in the High Council.
2367: Klingon Civil War – After K’mpec dies of poisoning, Gowron, who is opposing the House of Duras, becomes new Chancellor. His position is quickly challenged but eventually affirmed in the brief civil war against the Romulan-influenced, but ultimately inferior, House of Duras.
2369: A clone of Kahless created by clerics from Boreth assumes the re-created, but now purely representative, position of Klingon emperor, while Gowron remains the Empire’s Chancellor and factual leader.
2371: General Martok is covertly abducted and interned by the Dominion, while a Changeling replaces him.
2372: Led by the Martok-Changeling, the Klingon Empire starts an invasion of the Cardassian Union, which is subsequently condemned by the Federation. Later that year, the Federation’s and Klingon’s old dispute over the Archanis sector escalates, leading to the Klingon’s withdrawal from the Khitomer Accords.
2373: The real Martok is freed after the Changeling impersonating him is revealed earlier this year. The Cardassian Union joins the Dominion, swiftly resolving the Klingon’s conflict with the Federation and reinstating the Khitomer Accords. Later that year, the Dominion attacks and captures the Federation station Deep Space 9, beginning the Dominion War against the Empire and the Federation.
2374: With the aid of Klingon ships sent at the last moment by Gowron, the Federation recaptures Deep Space 9. Later that year, the Romulan Star Empire turns the tide of the war as it joins the Empire and the Federation against the Dominion.
2375: The Dominion gains the upper hand in the war again with its alliance with the Breen Confederacywhich uses energy dampening weapons. Due to a technical uniqueness of Klingon vessels, the Empire holds the front on its own for some weeks being outnumbered 20:1. Fearing the growing popularity of the successful General Martok, Gowron tries to discredit him by ordering suicidal missions, but is subsequently killed by Worf. Martok becomes the new Klingon Chancellor and, with the help of the Cardassian Rebellion, the Federation Alliance manages to repel the Dominion forces, finally capturing Cardassia Prime later that year and ending the Dominion war with the Treaty of Bajor.
2385: The Klingon Empire fully recovers from its losses during the Dominion War according to an estimate by Section 31.
Like most humanoids, the essence of the Klingon anatomical form consists of a head, neck torso, and four limbs.
Internally, the Klingon anatomy is markedly different from that of other humanoids. There is a great deal more multiple redundancy in their organs, a principle they called brak’lul. This allows Klingons to survive severe injuries in battle. They have twenty-three ribs, two livers, an eight-chambered heart, three lungs, and even redundant neural function as well as multiple stomachs. Some geneticists believe that the extra organs, notably the third lung, evolved to give Klingons greater stamina on the battlefield. Klingons have relatively little knowledge of their own biology and their medicine is very poorly developed. This is largely due to their warrior traditions – a Klingon who is wounded is expected to be left to either survive through his own strength, die, or undergo the hegh’bat, a form of ritual suicide.
The most distinctive feature of the modern Klingon is a sagittal crest, beginning on the forehead and often continuing over the skull. Klingons head shape differs between individuals, with some having skulls that extended backwards into a elongated cone shape. The cranium, itself, is encased in an exoskeleton, which possesses a feature known as the tricipital lobe.
The lower half of the face tends to follow familiar humanoid appearance, and even the ridges on back of their heads if any tend to be less pronounced and slight, leaving the general shape as Human skull and covered in more skin than bone, it is in these regions where hair is most likely seen to grow. Eyebrows tend to grow in a more diagonal direction than other humanoids, but also have noticeably diagonal suborbital ridges where eyebrows otherwise exist.
Klingons ears include both external auricle and pinna and recessed pinna. External auricle structures tend to be rounded, and the recessed pinna tends to come to a point before forming into the back of the head.
Klingon eyes generally round in size and shape (consisting of varying shades with white sclera). They may flash more white of their eyes which they use to intimidate a rival or enemy. Other Klingon eyes have large corneas, pink sclera, and almost gem-like reflective quality to them. Klingons, especially females, are said to lack tear ducts. However, for males Klingon myth stated that Kahless once filled the ocean with his tears, and at least one Klingon, Kurn, produced tears.
They also have more physically pronounced cheeks, and a vertical ridge that goes down their chin into their neck, which expands into ridges on their upper chest and shoulders and between the breasts of at least the females. The neck structure varies from smooth flesh to flesh containing pits and bony structures that lead up the side of their head, and down the back of their head and spine.
Klingon noses tend to vary having between several slight horizontal ridges on the brow of their noses, or a single vertical ridge or crack from the top of the brow to the tip of the nose to being wider and flatter, nearly flush against the forehead. They also have heavier ridges over their nostrils, compared to the two minimally ridged or un-ridged nostrils. The nose tends to lay flatter on the face than in other Klingons as well and wider.
Klingon teeth typically consist of two sharp fangs (incisors) with crooked or sharpened teeth (it was said they sharpen their teeth, often before going into battle). However, not exclusive, others have pronounced thick lips with sharp teeth, with each tooth being considerably larger size.
Klingons of both sexes usually have hair on their heads while male Klingons often have facial hair as well. Hair is usually long, curly and wavy, described as thick and luxuriant. Accelerated hair growth is often experienced by Klingons during puberty, or jak’tahla, along with severe mood swings and unusual aggressive tendencies. Klingon hair greys with age. Other Klingons are completely bald, lacking facial hair. For Klingons with hair, cases of receding hairlines or full or partial baldness existed during 2160s, and later in the 2260s through 2290s. Klingons as young as those who have not reached the Age of Ascension, typically do not wear beards.
Klingons also have sharp thick talons on their hands that make up the end of their digits.
The chest of the Klingon males appears to be largely smooth and slick, the females have a large chest area with ridges that come down to the top of their breasts across their shoulders. The backs of these Klingons is highly covered with ridges from shoulder to shoulder and across small of their back radiating from highly defined thickly ridged spine. The sides of the abdomen of at least the females appears to be highly defined with rib-like ridges as well. Even the buttocks region is heavily ridged.
Doctor Dora Taylor